Campesina Castellana, 1927
Pencil on paper
Wifredo Lam © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
This drawing of a Castilian peasant demonstrates Lam's mastery of the realist style during his early years in Madrid. Smooth curves and patterns in the woman's shawl and headscarf complement a softer visage. Her suspicious gaze meets the viewer's eyes. Distressed by the abject poverty he encountered in Spain and sympathetic to the plight of peasants, Lam would later declare his support for the anti-monarchist second Spanish Republic; a move that would eventually lead him to relocate to Paris in 1938.