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    Artist Name:

    Chokwe Artist, Angola

    Title:

    Tobacco Mortar

    Date:

    19th century

    Medium:

    Wood, leather, and brass tacks

    Dimensions:

    6 inches

    Credit Line:

    Fred and Rita Richman Collection

    Accession Number:

    2002.296

    On View - Wieland Pavilion, Lower Level, Gallery 102, African Collection
    Bright, shiny brass tacks augment the glowing patina of this exceptionally elaborate mortar, whose support is in the form of a trader riding on an ox. During the nineteenth century, brass tacks such as these, obtained through trade with Europeans, were rare and quite costly in Chokwe communities and were associated with high social rank. Tobacco had a similar association and was reserved for elders and for men and women of privileged status. Tobacco had both social and ritual importance among the Chokwe and the neighboring peoples of central, eastern, and southern Africa. In Chokwe communities, tobacco was smoked and inhaled as snuff in ceremonial contexts to honor the memory of lineage ancestors. The Chokwe consider the act of smoking helpful in establishing communication between celebrated ancestors, guardian spirits, and living generations.



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