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Artist Name:

Kongo Artist, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Title:

Cross

Date:

mid 17th-mid 18th century

Medium:

Bronze

Dimensions:

7 3/4 x 4 3/4 inches

Credit Line:

Gift in memory of Lew C. Deadmore

Accession Number:

2005.319

On View - Wieland Pavilion, Lower Level, Gallery 102, African Collection
At the end of the fifteenth century, Christianity was introduced to the Kingdom of the Kongo, along the coast of central Africa. This influenced religious and artistic practices. Kongo artists created crosses and other objects of worship, combining their Kongolese and Christian iconography. Here, Christ’s face is given African features. Crosses were not only used in Christian liturgy but also served additional diverse functions, in healing, in divination, as symbols of social status and political authority, and as hunting charms.



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