American, born France, 1911-2010
“Art is manipulation without intervention.”
Louise Bourgeois was born in Paris, where she attended art school before moving to New York in 1938. As a painter, she was inspired by Abstract Expressionists and Surrealists, but her interest later shifted to three-dimensional forms. She crafted her early abstract and organic sculptures from wood, rubber, stone, and bronze. Bourgeois’ work featured emotionally evocative figures of human forms dealing with loss, family, and pain. Gaining international critical acclaim late in her career, Bourgeois exerted a powerful influence over American sculpture and the recognition of female artists.
Let Bourgeois inspire your students to:
- Illustrate a story or poem.
- Write a story or poem about a drawing they create.
- Create a work or art about a very early memory.
- Design and create an abstract sculpture that is a portrait or self-portrait.
Book for students:
Runaway Girl: The Artist Louise Bourgeois, Jan Greenberg and Sandra Jordan
Art 21: Louise Bourgeois, PBS
Louise Bourgeois Resource Pack, Tate Modern
Artist at Work with Youth Activity Packet: Louise Bourgeois, Hirshhorn Museum
Find our more from The Museum of Modern Art:
He Disappeared into Complete Silence, publication excerpts
Quarantania, I, other texts