Nationality & Life Dates:
Pair of Figures (edan Ògbóni)
Late nineteenth to early twentieth century
Brass and iron
14 x 9 1/2 x 2 1/2 inches
Gift of Bernard and Patricia Wagner
Currently Not on View
The male and female pair in Ògbóni iconography represents two different aspects of the same phenomenon. This can be inferred from the description of Mother Earth as “the male-like female” and from the Yoruba equation of maleness with harshness or hardness, and femaleness with tenderness or softness. By the same token, the chained pair may be detached and used as a semiotic device to convey important decisions of the Ògbóni society to members and non-members alike. A male figure has a negative connotation, indicating that an individual has committed a serious offense and will be judged. A female figure, on the other hand, implies good news such as being appointed a chief, exonerated from false accusations, or granted special favors.